What Is Circular Breathing?

Mastering the Art of Continuous Airflow


Circular breathing is a remarkable technique employed by musicians, particularly wind instrumentalists and vocalists, to produce uninterrupted sound. This method allows performers to sustain a continuous tone without pausing to take a breath. Originating in ancient cultures such as those of the Aboriginal Australians and certain African tribes, circular breathing has since been adopted and refined by musicians worldwide. Let’s delve into the intricacies of circular breathing, its history, applications, and the challenges it presents.

History and Origins:

The roots of circular breathing trace back thousands of years. Aboriginal Australians are credited as one of the earliest practitioners of this technique, using it to play the didgeridoo, a traditional wind instrument. Similarly, various African cultures utilized circular breathing while playing instruments like the mbira and the horn.

Table of Contents

Circular BreathingPin

Technique and Mechanics:

Circular breathing involves a coordinated process of inhalation and exhalation, ensuring a constant flow of air to the instrument or vocal cords. The basic mechanics can be broken down into several steps:

  • Inhalation: The musician takes a deep breath through their nose, filling their lungs to capacity.
  • Storage: With the lungs full, the performer seals their mouth and cheeks to hold the air in while simultaneously using the cheeks as a reservoir.
  • Exhalation: While maintaining the stored air in the cheeks, the performer expels a controlled stream of air from the mouth, either into the instrument or for vocalization.
  • Inhalation through the nose: As the stored air in the cheeks depletes, the musician quickly inhales through their nose, replenishing their lung capacity without interrupting the sound.
  • Repeat: The cycle continues seamlessly, allowing for sustained sound production.

Applications in Music:

Circular breathing is predominantly utilized by musicians playing wind instruments such as the didgeridoo, flute, saxophone, clarinet, and trumpet. It enables these instrumentalists to play extended passages without breaks, crucial for performances of certain musical styles like jazz, where long, continuous phrases are common.

Vocalists also employ circular breathing techniques, particularly in certain styles of singing such as overtone singing and throat singing. This technique allows singers to produce extended, uninterrupted melodies or sustain long notes without audible breaks.

Challenges and Mastery:

While circular breathing offers immense benefits, mastering the technique presents significant challenges. Coordinating the inhalation and exhalation processes while maintaining a steady airflow demands practice, control, and precise muscle coordination. It can take weeks, months, or even years for musicians to develop proficiency in circular breathing.

One of the primary difficulties is synchronizing the transition between inhalation through the nose and exhalation from the mouth seamlessly. This requires fine-tuning muscle memory and breath control. Additionally, maintaining the quality and consistency of sound while employing circular breathing adds another layer of complexity.

Addressing Common Misconceptions:

While some may find circular breathing intuitive, mastering it to a proficient level requires dedicated practice and patience. It involves coordinating multiple muscle groups and precise control over airflow, which can take time to develop.

Circular breathing creates the illusion of uninterrupted airflow, but in reality, it involves alternating between stored air in the cheeks and fresh inhalation through the nose. There is a subtle interruption in airflow during the transition between these phases.

Circular breathing doesn’t necessitate any special equipment beyond the musician’s instrument or voice. It’s a technique that relies on mastering the coordination of breathing and airflow, rather than relying on external tools or aids.

While circular breathing enables musicians to play extended passages without breaks, it does not guarantee flawless performances. Mastery of technique is just one aspect of musical proficiency, and factors such as interpretation, expression, and stage presence also play significant roles in delivering captivating performances.

While relaxation is a common outcome of breathwork, it oversimplifies the practice to associate it solely with stress reduction. Breathwork has the potential to unlock various states of consciousness, promote emotional release, and contribute to personal growth. Its effects extend beyond relaxation to encompass a holistic approach to well-being.


Circular breathing stands as a testament to the ingenuity and skill of musicians throughout history. From its origins in ancient cultures to its widespread adoption in modern music, this technique continues to captivate performers and audiences alike. While mastering circular breathing poses challenges, the ability to produce uninterrupted sound opens up new possibilities for musicians, enabling them to push the boundaries of their craft and create captivating performances. Whether used in traditional Aboriginal music, contemporary jazz, or experimental vocal techniques, circular breathing remains a fascinating and essential skill in the world of music.

Breathfinder Editorial TeamPin

BreathFinder Editorial Team

The views expressed in this article are those of the author and are for informational purposes only. This information is not to be taken as medical advice. Please consult your physician / doctor and read the warnings before joining or participating in any published breathwork information on our website.

Thanks for saying hello.

How can we help?

Thanks for saying hello.

How can we help?

Share to...